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Open a company in Russia 2022 (russianlawyers.eu) New company registration process with Russian lawyers and accountants
- Types of companies noted by the Company Act in Russia
- How can I open an LLC in Russia?
- How can I open a joint-stock company in Russia?
- The sole proprietorship in Russia
- The Labor Law in Russia
- Subsidiaries in Russia
- Establishing a branch in Russia
- Can I purchase a shelf company in Russia?
- Are holding companies available in Russia?
- Making investments in Russia
- Get help starting your business.
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- Services of Russian lawyers in Russia and UAE
A foreign investor who arrives in Russia to set up a company must understand the rules stipulated by the Company Act in Russia. This set of regulations applies to all companies available in Russia . Regional entrepreneurs or from abroad must select the type of company that best suits their welfares and the future commercial actions on the market.
According to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the most famous business structures selected by foreign investors are the limited liability company and the joint-stock company. The Company Act in Russia also mentions general and limited partnerships. All companies in Russia must not break the Russian law, both inactivity and registration practices.
The limited liability company(LLC) or the Russian OOO, as it is known, is an appropriate business establishment that both national and foreign entrepreneurs can specify with a minimum share capital of RUB 10,000 deposited in a Russian bank account. According to the Company Act, a Russian OOO can be registered by at least one shareholder and no more than 50.
How can I open a joint-stock company in Russia?
Joint-stock companies opening in Russia can be personal or public and can be registered with a minimum share capital of RUB 100,000 for the public and RUB 10,000 for the private ones. The main difference between a public and a private joint-stock company is that the first one can issue shares and trade them on the stock exchange, while the private one cannot. Like any company, the Articles of Association stand at the base of the joint-stock companies and must be accepted by the Trade Register in Russia.
The sole proprietorship in Russia
One of Russia’s most flexible and straightforward forms of business is the sole proprietorship, which addresses little entrepreneurs who will act as self-employed. Foreigners who want to be sole traders in Russia must to acquire residence in Russia . The subsequent documents are necessary for opening a sole proprietorship in Russia :
• identification documents certifying the country of residence of the entrepreneur;
a copy of the criminal record from the home country;
The Labor Law in Russia
The Labor Law in Russia runs hand in hand with the Company Act in Russia , and it is the second most significant for foreign investors. The Labor Law descends under the regulations of the Labour Code of the Russian Federation from 2006. The Employment Law in Russia mentions both duties and obligations of the employer and the employee. According to Russian legislation, the connection between an employer and an employee is stated by an engagement contract that has to be signed by both parties. The labor legislation in Russia takes care of a wide range of aspects, from working hours and discrimination to data protection, work conditions, and security.
Subsidiaries in Russia
Subsidiaries are separate legal structures that owners of large companies generally choose due to the elements that align with the business requirements and needs. A subsidiary can be established as a limited liability company and a deposit of RUB 10,000 as the minimum share capital. Still related to the rules of subsidiaries in Russia, it is good to mention that an administrative committee and a board of directors must be appointed. Plus, registration for tax pursuits is mandatory for subsidiaries in Russia.
There is furthermore the possibility of creating a joint-stock company. The subsidiary can run its activities in Russia, whether open for a minimum share capital of RUB 100,000 or closed for RUB 10,000. According to the Company Act in Russia , the registration of a subsidiary starts with submitting the foundation deeds and the registration with the Moscow Center of Quotation of Work Places.
If you would like to establish a subsidiary in Russia and need assistance and support, our team can asist you.
Branches in Russia are controlled by the Law 1999 on Foreign Investments, plus the Company Act. This dependent system must report all the financial operations, plus other essential activities to the parent company from abroad. One of the numerous crucial rules for registering a branch in Russia refers to the accreditation given by the State Chamber of Registration in Russia . The parent enterprise registration certificate from overseas, the declaration of opening a branch in Russia, and other specific financial documents must be submitted to the entitled registration authorities. The process of registering an extension in Russia might seem difficult to foreigners not understanding quite well the business direction and regulations in this country. This is why you should talk to one our team and solicit complete support and guidance.
Yes, shelf companies are vintage companies already included in Russia . Such networks have no monetary operations and no liabilities or debts. Shelf companies must be bought and activated to have procedures on the market. The acquisition process is explicit and can be handled by one of our Russian team personel as soon as you deliver a few essential documents. If the ownership transfer is completed, you can start the activities on the Russian market. Feel free to contact us for comprehensive support and tailored services to your business needs.
Are holding companies available in Russia?
According to the Company Act in Russia, at least two stockholders can open a holding company in Russia by choosing from operating or pure holding companies. A holding company can own the intellectual property rights of another company, at least 10% of the shares in the firm, and, in some cases, the voting rights.
Russia is one of the most influential economies globally and a vast FDI inheritor on an international scale. The business possibilities are excellent in Russia, and the climate is meant to attract foreign investors in a large number each year. Among the advantages of the Russian business environment, overseas entrepreneurs enjoy the tax regime, the transportation and logistics, the appealing free trade zones, and the well-developed sectors of interest. The marine industry is one of Russia’s solid points because the country has essential exits to the Black Sea, the Arctic Ocean, the Sea of Japan, the Pacific, and the Barents Sea that allow a wide range of import and export activities with countries worldwide.
Five important special economic zones host the IT companies in Russia, with multiple tax advantages and other benefits that sustain the business development in these areas. The subsequent facts and figures highlight the business direction and economy of Russia :
- Around USD 463 billion was the total FDI stock for Russia in 2019.
- The Doing Business report issued by the World Bank ranks Russia 28th out of 190 worldwide economies.
- The Bahamas, Cyprus, the Netherlands, Bermuda, Luxembourg, and the UK are the key investors in China.
- Most FDIs are mandated to the metallurgy, extractive enterprise, and the financial sector.
The Commercial Code in Russia is one of the most significant sets of laws that regulate the business and the companies in this country. It is advised to have a clear picture of the Russian business legislation before commencing an activity.
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