Can One LLC Have Two Businesses in Russia?

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10.000 rubles

To register a company in Russia, it is essential to have the amount of at least 10000 rubles to be contributed to the bank account as being the charter capital. Record setting forth the level of allocation of capital shares between all the founders of the LLC.

Company Formation in Russia

What is LLC in Russian?

Limited liability company (LLC)

OOO, Russian: Общество с ограниченной ответственностью

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Tax namePercent %Date:
Corporate Tax Rate20.00Dec 2021
Personal Income Tax Rate13.00Dec 2021
Sales Tax Rate20.00Dec 2021
Social Security Rate30.00Dec 2021
Social Security Rate For Companies30.00Dec 2021
Social Security Rate For Employees0.00Dec 2021

10 Steps to Open a Company in Russia – read more in Articles

List of documents required for registrating LLC company in Russia:

  • Passports of the founders and general director (copies);
  • Application filled in according to form P11001;
  • Decision of the founder or minutes of the meeting of founders of the LLC company;
  • Articles of Association of the LLC company in Russia;
  • Receipt for payment of state fee for registrating llc company;
  • Documents that confirm the existence of a legal address for LLC company in Russia;
  • Notification of the choice of a specific taxation system for newley opened LLC company in Russia.

How to start a business in Russia – read more in Articles

Is a Partner in an LLC a Worker?
Is a Partner in an LLC a Worker?

If you already hold an LLC and get a hot idea for another type of business, you may be tempted to open it in your selected LLC. Chances are, that’s not a good idea.

It’s a situation that comes up quite often among entrepreneurs. 

Your limited liability company (LLC) is doing well and you find yourself with several new ideas for viable-sounding enterprises.

If you’re already successfully running one enterprise under your LLC it might seem like a reasonable idea to start a second enterprise under the same LLC. But is it?

Multiple Businesses Under One LLC?

It may be attractive to start up that second business under the umbrella of your current LLC, but it often isn’t a wise business activity.

While using both businesses under one LLC may offer you some shortcuts, such as simpler business control and only one annual filing fee, in the long run, these shortcuts are probably not worth the growth in potential risk.

An Increase in Potential Risk

The benefit of an LLC is the limited liability it affords its proprietors. When you run two different businesses under two different LLCs, the assets and income of each company are also protected from any disadvantage risk which might affect the other company.

If you combine two businesses within one LLC, however, the assets and income of each business are no longer isolated from each other, and each is at risk of any legal claims that might be directed against the other.

Say you run an editing business using the same LLC that uses your dog walking business, and one of the dogs you’re wandering gets injured while under your care. It’s not just the assets and income of your dog walking business that will be exposed to liability.

The assets and income belonging to your editing business will also be exposed to any legal claims which might be filed against your dog walking company as a result of the happening.

Separate LLCs Make Sense

While it might seem tedious or require extra effort to set up a separate LLC for your new business idea, it’s often a more suitable route to take than running both businesses under your current LLC.

There is a bit of paperwork involved in forming an LLC, but the advantages of doing so far outweigh the increased risk of operating two businesses under the same LLC.

Additionally, setting up an LLC is not an overly complex business, nor is running and maintaining one. If your new business idea is a viable one, it pays to put thought into the long-term now and set up a different LLC for it.

LLC Holding Company

There is, however, one scenario in which it might make a feeling to have two businesses under one LLC — the case in which you’re using your LLC as a holding company. A holding company LLC is an LLC that doesn’t have any operations; its main task is to own other businesses.

Related: LLC (Limited Liability Company) – Start an LLC Online

Can an LLC Own an LLC?

You may be wondering: can an LLC own another LLC? Most regions do not restrict who may own an LLC; if your region does not restrict the ownership of LLCs, it means an LLC may be owned by an individual, a corporation, or another LLC.

How Does It Work?

An LLC that serves as a holding company does not run any functions of its own. Its primary task is to hold the owner of other companies. In most cases, the holding company LLC will also own most of the support required to operate the other LLCs it owns. These different companies then lease the use of these assets from the holding company LLC.

For example, if the holding company LLC owns an LLC that runs printing operations, the holding company LLC might also own the printing equipment required by the printing company to run its business. The printing company in turn leases the printing gear from the holding company.

By structuring matters in this way, you obtain two levels of protection. The LLCs owned by the holding company LLC provide limited liability to their owner, the holding company. Since the holding company is also an LLC, it provides its owners with limited liability security.

It does require a certain level of effort to maintain a reasonable holding company LLC structure. It’s important that each LLC—the holding company LLC and the LLC(s) it owns—be properly maintained, with required government filings held up to date.

It’s also important that accounting, property, and revenue be kept separated to keep the limited liability protection afforded by each LLC intact.


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