Here are eight legal errors that can seriously impact a beginner business, plus standard startup mistakes founders frequently make.
1. Lacking a Reliable Operating Arrangement
One of the most significant legal mistakes startups make in Russia is failing to create a detailed operating agreement among business partners. When you create a robust operating agreement that delineates everyone’s roles and who has what decision-making power, you can build an enterprise with harmonious relationships with your business partners.
An operating agreement should address:
- How creators will share profits;
- An understanding of how critical day-to-day decisions will be made;
- What happens when one founder isn’t complying with the agreement;
- How salaries are regulated among founders;
- How to endure selling the business;
- How to dismiss a founder.
2. Falling to Have Agreements Set Up to Guard the Startup
Entrepreneurs in Russia may sometimes forget to pursue standard contracts beforehand. A typical business contract, an NDA, a non-compete, a contractor agreement—these things are crucial to doing company in a way that can’t be demolished by the legal team of someone choosing to go against you.
Related: Open a IT company in Russia
Here are standard contracts a startup should have:
- Employment contract
- Nondisclosure contract
- Employee contract
- Services contract
3. Not Comprehending When to Incorporate
It is essential to understand in Russia when your business is ready to incorporate. Many people think that the first thing they need to do is blend.
So much time is spent putting together the documentation that there is little focus on the business ‘s product or service. By the time the company launches in Russia, some realize there is no market fit. Focus on honing your mission, and then incorporate.
Ideally, before signing contracts and hiring employees, a corporation should limit personal liability. Others do the opposite and include too late. In this case, your business is finally making money, and you are about to enter tax season, or you’re thinking about selling your company. “You include way too late, and by that time, you are hit with legal fees and expenses you didn’t even know about because you didn’t file the paperwork right at the same time.
4. Falling to Comprehend Tax Considerations
Multiple startup entrepreneurs don’t realize how complex taxes can be and the impact of taxes on their businesses in Russia. They may struggle with handling franchise taxes, sales taxes, calculating the correct amount of payroll taxes, and determining if people working in the industry are employees or freelancers.
Unanticipated tax liabilities, penalties, and fines can kill a startup. Bs are also sure to consider the tax implications of stocks, taxation based on the entity chosen, and the documentation of expenses and deductible income.
5. Not Keeping Proper HR Documentation
During hiring, founders are often too busy with other parts of the enterprise to think about proper HR documentation in Russia. However, this can cause a startup to be liable during regulatory checks and employee lawsuits, and another company undertakes any due diligence during an acquisition.
Concentrate on the following in terms of HR documentation in Russia:
- Signed contracts
- Engagement letters
- Personnel files
- Worker complaints and resolutions
- Settlement and bonuses
6. Not Understanding Intellectual Property Essences
One of the more typical mistakes in startups is forgetting to protect intellectual property rights. If the business is based on innovation, the startup should seek patent protection as soon as possible. Sanding for patent protection will tell the startup whether the invention is believed patentable and protect the innovation from infringement from rivals.
You may want to consider other IP issues by trademarking your business name and looking into copyright issues of any material in your company.
7. Failing to Get Required Licenses and Permits
The following licenses and permits should be obtained depending on the nature of your business :
- Industry-specific access for regulated businesses;
- State qualification to do industry;
- Home-based business passes;
- City and county business and zoning permits or licenses;
- Sales tax right;
- Seller and health department passes;
- Federal and state tax/employer IDs.
Many enterprises open without conducting this due diligence and face fines, shutdowns, and high managerial and legal costs for which they did not properly budget.
8. Lack of General Preparation
Lack of practice can be a severe obstacle to a startup’s success. Entrepreneurs should ask these queries to determine if they are prepared to launch their startup:
- Have you selected the correct business entity?
- Have you double-checked your business concept to determine if you’ve managed all legal implications? Are you privately liable if the startup fails?
Some additional Mistakes Startups Make
From experience, startups often make the following general mistakes:
1. Not determining target customers with absolute certainty. No matter how good your marketing material or products are, marketing to the wrong target audience can hurt your business before it starts.
2. Employing too quickly. Having employees is expensive. Be sure to grow your team slowly.
3. Sailing on intuition. Don’t go it alone. With a mentor’s guidance, you can learn from their experience—and mistakes—and get a beginning on solid ground.
4. Financing too much money in tools or other unnecessary expenses. To reduce the risk of obligation, make do with less.
5. Not handling customer feedback seriously. Do not neglect customers’ concerns. Use their feedback to enhance your products, increase sales, and maintain customer loyalty.
6. Not creating an emergency fund. Having an emergency fund to back on can help you through financial hurdles to keep your business afloat.
How to start your LLC company in Russia
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